Seriam as equipes realmente mais eficientes que os indivíduos?
Maximilien Ringelmann, um engenheiro francês, desenvolveu diversos estudos no campo da psicologia social e constatou que na maioria das vezes o desempenho indivual tende a diminuir proporcionalmente ao número de componentes de uma equipe.
De acordo com a Wikipedia :
Maximilien Ringelmann (1861-1931) had people alone and in groups pull on a rope attached to a strain gauge to measure the pull force. Surprisingly, the total of the group pulls did not equal the sum of the individual pulls – it was less. In contemporary speak, synergy was not created. Three people pulled at only 2.5 times the average individual performance, and 8 pulled at less than a fourfold performance. The group result was much less than the sum of individual efforts. This violates the notion that group effort and a sense of team participation leads to increased effort.
Ringelmann noticed that, as more and more people were added to a group pulling on a rope, the total force exerted by the group rose, but the average force exerted by each group member declined. The Ringelmann Effect thus describes the inverse relationship between the size of a team and the magnitude of group member’s individual contribution to the accomplishment of the task.
Veja o texto na íntegra clicando aqui