Equipes x Indivíduos

Efeito Ringelmann

Efeito Ringelmann

Seriam as equipes realmente mais eficientes que os indivíduos?

Maximilien Ringelmann, um engenheiro francês, desenvolveu diversos estudos no campo da psicologia social e constatou que na maioria das vezes o desempenho indivual tende a diminuir proporcionalmente ao número de componentes de uma equipe.

De acordo com a Wikipedia :

Maximilien Ringelmann (1861-1931) had people alone and in groups pull on a rope attached to a strain gauge to measure the pull force. Surprisingly, the total of the group pulls did not equal the sum of the individual pulls – it was less. In contemporary speak, synergy was not created. Three people pulled at only 2.5 times the average individual performance, and 8 pulled at less than a fourfold performance. The group result was much less than the sum of individual efforts. This violates the notion that group effort and a sense of team participation leads to increased effort.

Ringelmann noticed that, as more and more people were added to a group pulling on a rope, the total force exerted by the group rose, but the average force exerted by each group member declined. The Ringelmann Effect thus describes the inverse relationship between the size of a team and the magnitude of group member’s individual contribution to the accomplishment of the task.

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Anúncios

Equipes x Indivíduos

Efeito Ringelmann

Efeito Ringelmann

Seriam as equipes realmente mais eficientes que os indivíduos?

Maximilien Ringelmann, um engenheiro francês, desenvolveu diversos estudos no campo da psicologia social e constatou que na maioria das vezes o desempenho indivual tende a diminuir proporcionalmente ao número de componentes de uma equipe.

De acordo com a Wikipedia :

Maximilien Ringelmann (1861-1931) had people alone and in groups pull on a rope attached to a strain gauge to measure the pull force. Surprisingly, the total of the group pulls did not equal the sum of the individual pulls – it was less. In contemporary speak, synergy was not created. Three people pulled at only 2.5 times the average individual performance, and 8 pulled at less than a fourfold performance. The group result was much less than the sum of individual efforts. This violates the notion that group effort and a sense of team participation leads to increased effort.

Ringelmann noticed that, as more and more people were added to a group pulling on a rope, the total force exerted by the group rose, but the average force exerted by each group member declined. The Ringelmann Effect thus describes the inverse relationship between the size of a team and the magnitude of group member’s individual contribution to the accomplishment of the task.

Veja o texto na íntegra clicando aqui